Influence of Schools
Schools have the potential to influence pupils’ health-related behaviour and well-being through their social organisation and culture as well as through the formal curriculum. There is some evidence, particularly from this Unit, that the school context or ethos of secondary schools can affect pupils’ health positively or negatively. There is less evidence of the ‘school effects’ of primary schools.
The projects in this theme build on our previous work evaluating school-based programmes to promote health. They encompass a range of studies from the evaluation of interventions specific to health, such as HPV vaccination, to exploring whole school approaches to improve pupils’ well-being. In most projects we explore interrelationships between school and parental influences on young people’s health.
Parkes A, Sweeting H, Wight D. Growing up in Scotland: family and school influences on children’s social and emotional well-being. Edinburgh, 2014open access
Parkes A, Waylen A, Sayal K, Heron J, Henderson M, Wight D, Macleod J. Which behavioral, emotional and school problems in middle-childhood predict early sexual behavior?. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2014;43:507-527open access
Wilson P, Bradshaw P, Tipping S, Henderson M, Der G, Minnis H. What predicts persistent early conduct problems? Evidence from the Growing Up in Scotland cohort. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:76-80pubmed open access
Karvonen S, Young R, West P, Rahkonen O. Value orientations among late modern youth: a cross-cultural study. Journal of Youth Studies 2012;15:33-52
Markham W, Young R, Sweeting H, West P, Aveyard P. Does school ethos explain the relationship between value-added education and teenage substance use? A cohort study. Social Science & Medicine 2012;75:69-76pubmed open access
Remes P, Selestine V, Changalucha J, Ross D, Wight D, de Sanjose S, Kapiga S, Hayes R, Watson-Jones D. A qualitative study of HPV vaccine acceptability among health workers, teachers, parents, female pupils, and religious leaders in northwest Tanzania. Vaccine 2012;30:5363-5367pubmed open access
Watson-Jones D, Baisley K, Ponsiano R, Lemme F, Remes P, Ross D, Kapiga S, Mayaud P, de Sanjose S, Wight D, Changalucha J, Hayes R. Human Papillomavirus vaccination in Tanzanian schoolgirls: cluster-randomized trial comparing two vaccine-delivery strategies. Journal of Infectious Diseases 2012;206:678-686pubmed open access
Young R, Sweeting H, West P. Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2012;47:723-733pubmed open access
Henderson M, Smith D, Elliott L, Nixon C, Wight D. Vulnerable young people in alternative education settings: their sexual health needs, experience and use of sex education and sexual health services. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper no. 21, Glasgow, 2011open access