A systematic review of the health impact of major sporting events on the host population
Aim of systematic review
To assess the impact of major sporting events on the health, and the determinants of health, of the host population.
- To develop and conduct a comprehensive search using bibliographic databases, websites and expert contacts to identify relevant research according to the review protocol.
- To assess the quality of relevant studies with regard to key methodological characteristics and potential for bias.
- To synthesise the best available evidence, statistically where appropriate, from included studies to produce a summary of type, size and direction of impacts on health and its determinants.
- To identify knowledge gaps in the available research.
The sporting events included were any occurring between January 1978 and January 2008 of international importance where the event did not have a fixed annual location.
The available evidence is not sufficient to confirm or refute expectations about the health or socioeconomic benefits for the host population of previous major multi-sport events. Future events such as the 2012 Olympic Games and Paralympic Games, or the 2014 Commonwealth Games, cannot be expected to automatically provide benefits. Until decision makers include robust, long term evaluations as part of their design and implementation of events, it is unclear how
the costs of major multi-sport events can be justified in terms of benefits to the host population.
This work will feed into a proposed health impact assessment of the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow to be conducted in partnership between Glasgow City Council, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde and East Glasgow Community Health and Care Partnership.
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McCartney G, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, Jones R, Kendall R, Booker D. A health impact assessment of the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. Public Health 2010;124:444-51pubmed open access
McCartney G, Thomas S, Thomson H, Scott J, Hamilton V, Hanlon P, Morrison D S, Bond L. The health and socioeconomic impacts of major multi-sport events: systematic review (1978-2008). BMJ 2010;340:c2369pubmed open access
Booker D, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, McCartney G, Jones R, Kendall R. 2014 Commonwealth Games Health Impact Assessment report: planning for legacy. Glasgow, 2009open access
Booker D, Palmer S, Winterbottom J, McCartney G, Jones R, Kendall R. 2014 Commonwealth Games Health Impact Assessment: summary report. Glasgow, 2009open access
McCartney G, Thomas S, Thomson H, Scott J, Hamilton V, Hanlon P, Morrison D, Bond L. A systematic review of the impact of major sports events on host populations [Interim findings report to key stakeholders]. Glasgow, 2009