From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Methodological and Other Projects

The Evaluating Interventions Team is involved in a number of projects focusing on developing methods of evaluating social interventions and ways of synthesising the findings of these evaluations. Further information about some of these can be found in this section.

Other projects that can be found here include the Programme's work on population tobacco control interventions, and work concucted under the aegis of the Public Health Research Consortium, including a meta-review of evidence on the health impacts of social interventions.

Publications

2015

Francis D, Turley R, Thomson H, Weightman A, Waters E, Moore L. Supporting the needs of public health decision-makers and review authors in the UK. Journal of Public Health 2015;37:172-174

open access  

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation of complex interventions: a summary of Medical Research Council guidance. In: Richards D, Hallberg IR, editors Complex interventions in health: an overview of research methods. Abingdon: Routledge, 2015.

2014

Lawson K, Mason H, McIntosh E, Donaldson C. Priority setting in public health. In: Culyer T, editor Encyclopedia of Health Economics. Elsevier, 2014:155-162.

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Crime, fear of crime and mental health: synthesis of theory and systematic reviews of interventions and qualitative evidence. Public Health Research 2014;2:1-424

open access  

McIntosh E, Bond L, Donaldson C, Lawson K, Mason H. Economics of population health. In: Guest G, Namey E, editors Public Health Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2014.

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation of complex interventions: Medical Research Council guidance. MRC Population Health Science Research Network, London, 2014

open access  

2013

Fenwick E, MacDonald C, Thomson H. Economic analysis of the health impacts of housing improvement studies: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:835-45

open access  

Lawson KD, Kearns A, Petticrew M, Fenwick EAL. Investing in health: is social housing value for money? A cost-utility analysis. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:829-834

open access  

Lawson KD, Mercer SW, Wyke S, Grieve E, Guthrie B, Watt GCM, Fenwick EAL. Double trouble: the impact of multimorbidity and deprivation on preference-weighted health related quality of life - a cross sectional analysis of the Scottish Health Survey. International Journal of Health and Equity 2013;12:67

pubmed  open access  

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Environmental interventions to reduce fear of crime: systematic review of effectiveness. Systematic Reviews 2013;2:30

pubmed  open access  

Lorenc T, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Neary D, Clayton S, Wright K, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Fear of crime and the environment: systematic review of UK qualitative evidence. BMC Public Health 2013;13:496

pubmed  open access  

Moore G, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Cooper C, Hardeman W, Moore L, O’Cathain A, Tinati T, Wight D, Baird J. Process evaluation in complex public health intervention studies: the need for guidance [editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;68:101-102

open access  

Thomson H, Macdonald C, Higgins M, Palmer S, Douglas M. Health Impact Assessment of housing improvements: a guide. Glasgow, 2013

open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S. The effect direction plot: visual display of non-standardised effects across multiple outcome domains. Research Synthesis Methods 2013;4:95–101

open access  

Thomson H. Improving utility of evidence synthesis for healthy public policy: the three Rs (relevance, rigor, and readability (and resources)). American Journal of Public Health 2013;103:e17-e23

open access  

2012

Burford BJ, Rehfuess E, Schünemann HJ, Akl EA, Waters E, Armstrong R, Thomson H, Doyle J, Pettman T. Assessing evidence in public health: the added value of GRADE. Journal of Public Health 2012;34:631-635

pubmed  open access  

Egan M, MacLean A, Sweeting H, Hunt K. Comparing the effectiveness of using generic and specific search terms in electronic databases to identify health outcomes for a systematic review: a prospective comparative study of literature search methods. BMJ Open 2012;2:e001043.

pubmed  open access  

Lorenc T, Clayton S, Neary D, Whitehead M, Petticrew M, Thomson H, Cummins S, Sowden A, Renton A. Crime, fear of crime, environment, and mental health and wellbeing: mapping review of theories and causal pathways. Health & Place 2012;18:757-765

pubmed  open access  

McIntosh E, Lawson K, Donaldson C, White M, Kee F, Deverill M, Bond L. Report on a workshop on methods for the economic evaluation of population health interventions: conceptual and practical challenges. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional paper no. 23, 2012

open access  

Thomson H, Thomas S. External validity in healthy public policy: application of the RE-AIM tool to the field of housing improvement. BMC Public Health 2012;12:633

pubmed  open access  

2011

Bonell CP, Hargreaves JR, Cousens SN, Ross DA, Hayes R J, Petticrew M, Kirkwood B. Alternatives to randomisation in the evaluation of public health interventions: design challenges and solutions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2011;65:582-7

pubmed  

Gibson M, Petticrew M, Bambra C, Sowden AJ, Wright KE, Whitehead M. Housing and health inequalities: a synthesis of systematic reviews of interventions aimed at different pathways linking housing and health. Health & Place 2011;17:175-184

pubmed  open access  

Gibson M, Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. Understanding the psychosocial impacts of housing type: qualitative evidence from a housing and regeneration intervention. Housing Studies 2011;26:555-73

open access  

Petticrew M, Lee K. The 'Father of Stress' meets 'Big Tobacco': Hans Selye and the tobacco industry. American Journal of Public Health 2011;101:411-8

pubmed  

2010

Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M, Petticrew M. Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:284-91

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Craig P, Egan M, Skivington K, Thomson H. Health improvement programmes: really too complex to evaluate? [letter]. BMJ 2010;340ID - 615:c1332

pubmed  open access  

Bond L, Craig P, Egan M, Skivington K, Thomson H. MRC guidelines and the evaluation of health improvement programmes: are health improvement programmes really too complex to assess their effectiveness? [rapid response]. BMJ 2010;340ID - 614:c185

open access  

Lorgelly P, Lawson K, Fenwick E, Briggs A. Outcome measurement in economic evaluations of public health interventions: a role for the capability approach?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2010;7:2274-89

2009

Ayres J, Semple S, MacCalman L, Dempsey S, Hilton S, Hurley J, Miller BG, Naji A, Petticrew M. Bar workers' health and environmental tobacco smoke exposure (BHETSE): symptomatic improvement in bar staff following smoke-free legislation in Scotland. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2009;66:339-46

pubmed  open access  

Bambra C, Gibson M, Sowden A, Wright K, Whitehead M, Petticrew M. Working for health? Evidence from systematic reviews on the effects on health and health inequalities of organisational changes to the work environment. Preventive Medicine 2009;48:454-61

pubmed  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: an introduction to the new Medical Research Council guidance. In: Killoran A, Kelly MP, editors Evidence-based public health: effectiveness and efficiency. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009:185-202.

Egan M, Bambra C, Petticrew M, Whitehead M. Reviewing evidence on complex social interventions: appraising implementation in systematic reviews of the health effects of organisational-level workplace interventions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2009;63:4-11

pubmed  open access  

Hawe P, Bond L, Butler H. Knowledge theories can inform evaluation practice: what can a complexity lens add?. New Developments in Evaluation 2009;124:89-100

Ogilvie D, Craig P, Griffin S, Macintyre S, Wareham N. A translational framework for public health research. BMC Public Health 2009;9:116

pubmed  open access  

Rodgers M, Arai L, Popay J, Britten N, Roberts H, Petticrew M, Sowden A. Testing methodological guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: effectiveness of interventions to promote smoke alarm ownership and function. Evaluation 2009;15:49-73

Wilson P, Petticrew M, Booth A. After the gold rush? A systematic and critical review of general medical podcasts. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2009;102:69-74

pubmed  open access  

2008

Armstrong R, Waters E, Roberts H, Oliver S, Anderson L, Petticrew M. Systematic reviews of health promotion and public health interventions. In: Heggenhoughen K, Quah S, editors Encyclopedia of public health. San Diego: Academic Press, 2008:297-301.

Bambra C, Gibson M, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Whitehead M, Wright K. Tackling the wider social determinants of health and health inequalities: evidence from systematic reviews. York, 2008

open access  

Bambra C, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Sowden A, Akers J. Shifting schedules: the health effects of reorganizing shift work. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;34:427-434.e30

Bambra C, Whitehead M, Sowden A, Akers J, Petticrew M. A hard day's night? The effects of compressed working week interventions on the health and work-life balance of shift workers: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2008;62:764-77

pubmed  open access  

Conway D, Petticrew M, Marlborough H, Berthiller J, Hashibe M, Macpherson L M. Socioeconomic inequalities and oral cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis of case-control studies. International Journal of Cancer 2008;122:2811-9

pubmed  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: new guidance. London, 2008

open access  

Craig P, Dieppe P, Macintyre S, Michie S, Nazareth I, Petticrew M. Developing and evaluating complex interventions: the new Medical Research Council guidance. BMJ 2008;337:a1655

pubmed  open access  

Egan M, Tannahill C, Petticrew M, Thomas S. Psychosocial risk factors in home and community settings and their associations with population health and health inequalities: a systematic meta-review. BMC Public Health 2008;8:239

pubmed  open access  

Fayter D, Main C, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Stirk L, Thomas S, Whitehead M, Worthy G. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking. CRD Report 39, York, 2008

open access  

Hilton S, Cameron J, MacLean A, Petticrew M. Observations from behind the bar: changing patrons' behaviours in response to smoke-free legislation in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2008;8:238

pubmed  open access  

Lucas PJ, McIntosh K, Petticrew M, Roberts HM, Shiell A. Financial benefits for child health and well-being in low income or socially disadvantaged families in developed world countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008;2:CD006358

pubmed  

Main C, Thomas S, Ogilvie D, Stirk L, Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Sowden A. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: placing an equity lens on existing systematic reviews. BMC Public Health 2008;8:178

pubmed  open access  

Ogilvie D, Fayter D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Thomas S, Whitehead M. The harvest plot: a method for synthesising evidence about the differential effects of interventions. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2008;8:08

pubmed  open access  

Petticrew M, Egan M, Thomson H, Hamilton V, Kunkler R, Roberts H. Publication bias in qualitative research: what becomes of qualitative research presented at conferences?. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2008;62:552-554

pubmed  open access  

Petticrew M, Platt S, McCollam A, Wilson P, Thomas S. 'We're not short of people telling us what the problems are. We're short of people telling us what to do' theory, methods and findings of a mental health impact assessment. BMC Public Health 2008;8:314

pubmed  open access  

Thomas S, Fayter D, Misso K, Ogilvie D, Petticrew M, Sowden A, Whitehead M, Worthy G. Population tobacco control interventions and their effects on social inequalities in smoking: systematic review. Tobacco Control 2008;17:230-7

pubmed  open access  

Tugwell P, Maxwell L, Welch V, Kristjansson E, Petticrew M, Wells G, Buchbinder R, Suarez-Almazor M, Nowlan M, Morris E, Khan M, Shea B, Tsikata S. Is health equity considered in systematic reviews of the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group?. Arthritis Care and Research 2008;59:1603-10

pubmed  

Waters E, Petticrew M, Priest N, Weightman A, Harden A, Doyle J. Evidence synthesis, upstream determinants and health inequalities: the role of a proposed new Cochrane Public Health Review Group. European Journal of Public Health 2008;18:221-3

pubmed  

Wilson P, Petticrew M, on behalf of the Medical Research Council's Population Health Sciences Research Network Knowledge Transfer Project team , Calnan M, Nazareth I. Why promote the findings of single research studies?. BMJ 2008;336:722-3

pubmed  

2007

Arai L, Britten N, Popay J, Roberts H, Petticrew M, Rodgers M, Sowden A. Testing methodological developments in the conduct of narrative: a demonstration review of research on the implementation of smoke alarm interventions. Evidence & Policy 2007;3:361-83

Armstrong R, Waters E, Jackson N, Oliver S, Popay J, Shepherd J, Petticrew M, Anderson L, Bailie R, Brunton G, Hawe P, Kristjansson E A, Naccarella L, Norrie S, Pienaar E, Roberts H, Rogers W, Sowden A, Thomas H. Guidelines for systematic reviews of health promotion and public health interventions: version 2. Melbourne, Australia, 2007

Gebel K, Bauman A, Petticrew M. The physical environment and physical activity: a critical appraisal of review articles. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;32:361-369.e3

pubmed  

Hills D, Elliott E, Kowarzik U, Sullivan F, Stern E, Platt S, Boydell L, Popay J, Williams G, Petticrew M, McGregor E, Russell S., Wilkinson E, Rugkasa J, Gibson M, McDaid D. The evaluation of the Big Lottery Fund Healthy Living Centres programme: Final Report. London, 2007

open access  

Hilton S, Semple S, Miller BG, MacCalman L, Petticrew M, Dempsey S, Naji A, Ayres JG. Expectations and changing attitudes of bar workers before and after the implementation of smoke-free legislation in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2007;7:206

pubmed  open access  

Petticrew M, Semple S, Hilton S, Creely K, Eadie D, Ritchie D, Ferrell C, Christopher Y, Hurley F. Covert observation in practice: lessons from the evaluation of the prohibition of smoking in public places in Scotland. BMC Public Health 2007;7:204

pubmed  open access  

Petticrew M. More research needed: plugging gaps in the evidence base on health inequalities [editorial]. European Journal of Public Health 2007;17:411-3

pubmed  open access  

Semple S, Maccalman L, Naji Audrey A, Dempsey S, Hilton S, Miller B, Ayres JG. Bar workers' exposure to second-hand smoke: the effect of Scottish smoke-free legislation on occupational exposure. Annals of Occupational Hygiene 2007;51:571-580

pubmed  open access  

2006

Atkinson R, Thomson H, Kearns A, Petticrew M. Giving urban policy its 'medical': assessing the place of health in area-based regeneration. Policy & Politics 2006;34:5-26

Gibson M, Petticrew M. Healthy living centre evaluation report on managers’ survey. London, 2006

Gibson M, Petticrew M. Healthy living centre evaluation report on stakeholders’ survey. London, 2006

Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Bambra C, Egan M, Graham H, Macintyre S, McDermott E. The Centre for Evidence-based Public Health Policy: part of the ESRC Evidence Network. In: Killoran A, Swann C, Kelly MP, editors Public health evidence: tackling health inequalities. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006:141-154.

Popay J, Roberts H , Sowden A , Petticrew M , Arai L, Rodgers M , Britten N, Roen K, Duffy S. Guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis in systematic reviews: a product of the ESRC methods programme . Lancaster, 2006

Rankin D, Truman J, Backett-Milburn K, Platt S, Petticrew M. The contextual development of healthy living centres services: an examination of food-related initiatives. Health & Place 2006;12:644-55

pubmed  

2005

Egan M, Petticrew M, Ogilvie D. Informing healthy transport policies: systematic reviews and research synthesis. Transportation Research Record, Journal of the Transportation Research Board 2005;1908:214-220

Platt S, Backett-Milburn K, Petticrew M, Rankin D, Truman J. Evaluation of the Healthy Living Centre Programme in Scotland: Report of phase 1. Edinburgh, 2005

Platt S, Petticrew M, MacCollam A, Wilson S, Thomas S. Mental health improvement: an appraisal of Scottish Policy. Edinburgh, 2005

open access  

2004

Petticrew M, Whitehead M, Macintyre S, Graham H, Egan M. Evidence for public health policy on inequalities: 1: the reality according to policymakers. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:811-816

pubmed  open access  

Roberts H, Petticrew M. Child public health and social welfare: lessons from the evidence [editorial]. Child: Care, Health and Development 2004;30:667-9

Whitehead M, Petticrew M, Graham H, Macintyre S, Bambra C, Egan M. Evidence for public health policy on inequalities 2: assembling the evidence jigsaw. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:817-821

pubmed  open access  

2003

Morrison D, Petticrew M, Thomson H. What are the most effective ways of improving population health through transport interventions? Evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:327-333

pubmed  

Petticrew M, Roberts H. Evidence, hierarchies and typologies: horses for courses. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57:527-529

pubmed  

Petticrew M. Presumed innocent: why we need systematic reviews of social policies. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2003;24 (suppl 3):2-3

pubmed  

Petticrew M. Why certain systematic reviews reach uncertain conclusions. BMJ 2003;326:756-758

pubmed  open access  

2002

Elwy A R, Hart G, Hawkes S, Petticrew M. Effectiveness of interventions to prevent STI/HIV in heterosexual men: a systematic review. Archives of Internal Medicine 2002;162:1818-1830

pubmed  

Hawkes S, Elwy AR, Hart G, Petticrew M. Interventions to prevent STI/HIV infection in men: a systematic review. Programming for Male Involvement in Reproductive Health. Report of the meeting of WHO regional advisers in reproductive health WHO/PAHO, Washington, 2001, Geneva, 2002

Petticrew M, Bell R, Hunter D. Coping and cancer outcome: a systematic review. BMJ 2002;325:1066-1069

open access  

2001

Petticrew M. Systematic reviews from astronomy to zoology: myths and misconceptions. BMJ 2001;322:98-101

pubmed  open access  

Thomson H, Petticrew M, Morrison D. Health effects of housing improvement: systematic review of intervention studies. BMJ 2001;323:187-190

pubmed  open access