From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Health of the Scottish Population

The health of the Scottish population is known to be poor in comparison to many other European countries. In addition, considerable inequalities exist in Scotland between different social groups and different regions. We are trying to understand the reasons underlying Scotland's poor health and the inequalities within the country.

Publications

2016

Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 2: General health and multiple conditions. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Rutherford L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2015: Volume 1 - Main Report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2016.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 4: Alcohol Consumption. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Rutherford L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2015: Volume 1 - Main Report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2016.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Rutherford L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2015: Volume 1 - Main Report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2016.

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2015

Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 2: Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2015.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 3: Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2015.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 9: Inequalities in health risks. In: Campbell-Jack D, Hinchliffe S, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2015.

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2014

Gorman E, Leyland AH, McCartney G, White IR, Katikireddi SV, Rutherford L, Graham L, Gray L. Assessing the representativeness of population-sampled health surveys through linkage to administrative data on alcohol-related outcomes. American Journal of Epidemiology 2014;180 :941-948

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 4: Smoking. In: Rutherford L, Hinchliffe S, Sharp C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2013 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2014.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: Alcohol consumption. In: Rutherford L, Hinchliffe S, Sharp C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2013 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2014.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 8: General health, mental wellbeing and caring. In: Rutherford L, Hinchliffe S, Sharp C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2013 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2014.

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2013

Gray L, Leyland AH, Benzeval M, Watt GCM. Explaining the social patterning of lung function in adulthood at different ages: the roles of childhood precursors, health behaviours and environmental factors. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:905-91

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 4: Smoking. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2012 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2013.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 7: Obesity. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2012 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2013.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 8: Long-term conditions. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2012 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2013.

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Gray L, White IR, McCartney G, Katikireddi SV, Rutherford L, Gorman E, Leyland AH. Use of record-linkage to handle non-response and improve alcohol consumption estimates in health survey data: a study protocol. BMJ Open 2013;3:e002647

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Mackay DF, Gray L, Pell JP. Impact of smoking and smoking cessation on overweight and obesity: Scotland-wide, cross-sectional study on 40,036 participants. BMC Public Health 2013;348

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Mok PLH, Leyland AH, Kapur N, Windfuhr K, Appleby L, Platt S, Webb RT. Why does Scotland have a higher suicide rate than England? An area-level investigation of health and social factors. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2013;67:63-70

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2012

Brown D, Benzeval M, Gayle V, Macintyre S, O'Reilly D, Leyland AH. Childhood residential mobility and health in late adolescence and adulthood: findings from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2012;66:942-950

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Brown D, O'Reilly D, Gayle V, Macintyre S, Benzeval M, Leyland AH. Socio-demographic and health characteristics of individuals left behind in deprived and declining areas in Scotland. Health & Place 2012;18:440-444

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 3: Diet. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2011 volume 2: children. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2012:62-85.

Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: obesity. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2011 volume 2: children. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2012:101-115.

Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 7: obesity. In: Rutherford L, Sharp C, Bromley C, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2011 volume 1: adults. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2012:185-205.

Gray L, Merlo J, Mindell J, Hallqvist J, Tafforeau J, O'Reilly D, Regidor E, Næss Ø, Kelleher C, Helakorpi S, Lange C, Leyland AH. International differences in self-reported health measures in 33 major metropolitan areas in Europe. European Journal of Public Health 2012;22:40-7

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Gray L, Smith GD, McConnachie A, Watt GCM, Hart CL, Upton MN, Macfarlane PW, Batty GD. Parental height in relation to offspring coronary heart disease: examining transgenerational influences on health using the west of Scotland Midspan Family Study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2012;41:1776-85

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Leyland AH. Alcohol, financial crisis and reform: learning from the Russian experience [editorial]. European Journal of Public Health 2012;22:300

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Mok PL, Kapur N, Windfhur K, Leyland AH, Appleby L, Platt S, Webb RT. Trends in national suicide rates for Scotland and England and Wales, 1960-2008. British Journal of Psychiatry 2012;200:245-251

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Mok PLH, Kapur N, Windfuhr K, Appleby L, Leyland AH, Platt S, Webb RT. Authors’ reply [letter]. British Journal of Psychiatry 2012;201

2011

Fairley L, Dundas R, Leyland AH. The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000. BMC Public Health 2011;11:330

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley C, Bradshaw P, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2010 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2011.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 7: adult and child obesity. In: Bromley C, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2010 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2011.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 8: respiratory health and lung function. In: Bromley C, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2010 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: 2011.

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Popham F, Boyle P, O'Reilly D, Leyland AH. Selective internal migration: does it explain Glasgow's worsening mortality record?. Health & Place 2011;17:1212-17

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2010

Brown D, Leyland AH. Scottish mortality rates 2000-2002 by deprivation and small area population mobility. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:1951-7

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Davies CA, Leyland AH. Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004. Population Health Metrics 2010;8:33

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Dundas R, Leyland AH. The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: a population based study. AQMeN Applied Quantitative Methods Newsletter 2010;3

Gray L, Batty GD, Craig P, Stewart C, Whyte B, Findlayson B, Leyland AH. Cohort profile: the Scottish Health Surveys Cohort - linkage of study participants to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge, cancer and offspring birth characteristics in three nationwide studies. International Journal of Epidemiology 2010;39:345-50

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Gray L, Hart C L, Smith DG, Batty GD. What is the predictive value of established risk factors for total and cardiovascular disease mortality when measured before middle-age? pooled analyses of two prospective cohort studies from Scotland. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation 2010;17:106-112

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: diet. In: Bromley C, Given L, Ormston R, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2009 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2010.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 7: adult obesity. In: Bromley C, Given L, Ormston R, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2009 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2010.

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Leyland AH, Dundas R. The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: population based study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:432-9

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Popham F, Boyle P, O'Reilly D, Leyland AH. Exploring the impact of selective migration on the deprivation-mortality gap within Greater Glasgow. February 2010. Glasgow, 2010

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Stewart CH. Multilevel modelling of event history data: comparing methods appropriate for large datasets [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2010.

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2009

Brown D, Leyland AH. Population mobility, deprivation and self-reported limiting long-term illness in small areas across Scotland. Health & Place 2009;15:37-44

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Davies CA, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-92 and 2000-2. BMC Public Health 2009;9:134

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Gray L, Leyland AH. A multilevel analysis of diet and socio-economic status in Scotland: investigating the 'Glasgow effect'. Public Health Nutrition 2009;12:1351-8

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 4: smoking. In: Bromley C, Bradshaw P, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2008 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2009:101-136.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 5: fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley C, Bradshaw P, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2008 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2009:137-156.

Gray L, Leyland AH. Chapter 7: obesity. In: Bromley C, Bradshaw P, Given L, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2008 volume 1: main report. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government Health Directorate, 2009:191-228.

Gray L, Leyland AH. Is the 'Glasgow effect' of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status? A multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health 2009;9:245

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2008

Bloor M, Gannon M, Hay G, Jackson G, Leyland AH, McKeganey N. Contribution of problem drug users' deaths to excess mortality in Scotland: secondary analysis of cohort study. BMJ 2008;337:a478

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Gray L, Leyland AH. Overweight status and psychological wellbeing in adolescent boys and girls: a multilevel analysis. European Journal of Public Health 2008;18:616-621

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Gray L. Comparisons of health-related behaviours and health measures between Greater Glasgow with other regional areas of Europe. Glasgow, 2008

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2007

Gray L. Comparisons of health-related behaviours and health measures between Glasgow and the rest of Scotland. Glasgow, 2007

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Leyland AH, Dundas R, McLoone P, Boddy FA. Inequalities in mortality in Scotland 1981-2001. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional paper no. 16, Glasgow, 2007

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Leyland AH, Dundas R, McLoone P, Boddy FA. Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change - a population-based study. BMC Public Health 2007;7:172

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2006

Fairley L, Leyland AH. Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980-2000. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60:31-36

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Levin K A, Leyland AH. A comparison of health inequalities in urban and rural Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 2006;62:1457-1464

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Levin K A, Leyland AH. Urban-rural inequalities in ischemic heart disease in Scotland, 1981-1999. American Journal of Public Health 2006;96:145-151

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Leyland AH. Homicides involving knives and other sharp objects in Scotland, 1981-2003. Journal of Public Health 2006;28:145-147

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2005

Fairley L. Changing patterns of inequality in birthweight and its determinants: a population-based study, Scotland 1980-2000. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2005;19:342-350

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Gray L, Leyland AH. General and psychosocial health. In: Bromley S, Shelton N, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2003 volume 3: children. Edinburgh: The Scottish Executive Department of Health, 2005:129-168.

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Gray L, Leyland AH. General health, psychosocial health and use of services. In: Bromley C, Sproston K, Shelton N, editors The Scottish Health Survey 2003 volume 2: adults. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2005:191-254.

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Levin K A, Leyland AH. Urban/rural inequalities in suicide in Scotland, 1981-1999. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:2877-2890

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Leyland AH. Socioeconomic gradients in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Scotland: the roles of composition and context. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:799-803

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2004

Leyland AH. Increasing inequalities in premature mortality in Great Britain. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:296-302

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2003

Levin K A. Urban-rural differences in self reported limiting long term illness in Scotland. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2003;25:288-294

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McLoone P. Increasing mortality among adults in Scotland 1981 to 1999. European Journal of Public Health 2003;13:230-234

2002

Westert G, Lagoe R, Keskimäki I, Leyland AH, Murphy M. An international study of hospital readmissions and related utilization in Europe and the USA. Health Policy 2002;61:269-278

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