From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Methodological Support for Public Health

The research problems that face public health are frequently complex and may require complex statistical methodology to address them. We are developing such methodology as appropriate and disseminating findings through teaching and publication.

Publications

2013

Gray L, White IR, McCartney G, Katikireddi SV, Rutherford L, Gorman E, Leyland AH. Use of record-linkage to handle non-response and improve alcohol consumption estimates in health survey data: a study protocol. BMJ Open 2013;3:e002647

open access  

2012

Hotchkiss J W, Davies C, Gray L, Bromley C, Capewell S, Leyland AH. Trends in cardiovascular disease biomarkers and their socioeconomic patterning among adults in the Scottish population 1995 to 2009: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000771

open access  

Lumme S, Sund R, Leyland AH, Keskimäki I. Socioeconomic equity in amenable mortality in Finland 1992-2008. Social Science & Medicine 2012;75:905-13

pubmed  

Molaodi OR, Leyland AH, Ellaway A, Kearns A, Harding S. Neighbourhood food and physical activity environments in England, UK: does ethnic density matter?. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012;9:75

pubmed  open access  

2011

Hotchkiss J W, Davies C, Gray L, Bromley C, Capewell S, Leyland AH. Trends in adult cardiovascular disease risk factors and their socio-economic patterning in the Scottish population 1995-2008: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open 2011;1:e000176

open access  

Hotchkiss J W, Leyland AH. The relationship between body size and mortality in the linked Scottish Health Surveys: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity 2011;35:838-51

pubmed  open access  

2010

Fransson C, Tomasi C, Leyland AH, Wennström J, Berglundh T. Severity and pattern of peri-implantitis-associated bone loss. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 2010;37:442-8

pubmed  

Jackson A, Davies CA, Leyland AH. Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities?. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2010;10:74

pubmed  open access  

Levin KA, Davies CA, Douglas G, Pitts NB. Urban-rural differences in dental caries of 5-year old children in Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:2020-7

pubmed  

Leyland AH. No quick fix: understanding the difference between fixed and random effect models [editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:1027-8

pubmed  

Næss Ø, Leyland AH. Analysing the effect of area of residence over the life course in multilevel epidemiology. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2010;38:119-26

pubmed  open access  

Tarkiainen L, Martikainen P, Laaksonen M, Leyland AH. Comparing the effects of neighbourhood characteristics on all-cause mortality using two hierarchical areal units in the capital region of Helsinki. Health & Place 2010;16:409-12

pubmed  

2009

Levin KA, Davies CA, Topping GVA, Assaf AV, Pitts NB. Inequalities in dental caries of 5-year old children in Scotland, 1993-2003. European Journal of Public Health 2009;19:337-42

pubmed  

Leyland AH, Næss Ø. The effect of area of residence over the life course on subsequent mortality. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A 2009;172:555-78.

open access  

Manderbacka K, Arffman M, Leyland AH, McCallum A, Keskimäki I. Change and persistence in health care inequalities: access to elective surgery in Finland in 1992-2003. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2009;37:131-8

pubmed  open access  

2008

Bloor M, Gannon M, Hay G, Jackson G, Leyland AH, McKeganey N. Contribution of problem drug users' deaths to excess mortality in Scotland: secondary analysis of cohort study. BMJ 2008;337:a478

open access  

Lumme S, Leyland AH, Keskimäki I. Multilevel modeling of regional variation in equity in health care. Medical Care 2008;46:976-983

pubmed  

2007

Leyland AH, Næss Ø. Multilevel modelling of the longitudinal influence of neighbourhoods on health [e-letter]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health Online 2007:18 January

open access  

Manda SOM, Leyland AH. An empirical comparison of maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation methods for multivariate disease mapping. South African Statistical Journal 2007;41:1-21

Næss Ø, Piro F N, Nafstad P, Smith DG, Leyland AH. Air pollution, social deprivation, and mortality: a multilevel cohort study. Epidemiology 2007;18:686-694

pubmed  open access  

Tomasi C, Leyland AH, Wennstrom JL. Factors influencing the outcome of non-surgical periodontal treatment: a multilevel approach. Journal of Clinical Periodontology 2007;34:682-690

pubmed  

2006

Chaix B, Leyland AH, Sabel CE, Chauvin P, Rastam L, Kristersson H, Merlo J. Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmo, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60:427-435

pubmed  

2005

Leyland AH, Davies CA. Empirical Bayes methods for disease mapping. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2005;14:17-34

pubmed  

Leyland AH. Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for life course epidemiology. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:90-91

pubmed  

2004

Davies CA, Leyland AH. Spatial patterns of cancer mortality in Europe. In: Kirch W, editor Public health in Europe: 10 years EUPHA. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2004:227-243.

Leyland AH. Increasing inequalities in premature mortality in Great Britain. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58:296-302

pubmed  open access  

2003

Leyland AH, Groenewegen PP. Multilevel modelling and public health policy. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2003;31:267-274

pubmed  

2001

Keskimäki I, Karvonen S, Sund R, Leyland AH. Monitasomallien käyttö terveystutkimuksessa [Multilevel modelling in health research]. Sosiäälilaaketieteellinen Aikakauslehti [Journal of Social Medicine] 2001;38:327-335

Leyland AH, Goldstein H , (eds). Multilevel modelling of health statistics. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.

2000

Leyland AH, Langford I H, Rasbash J, Goldstein H. Multivariate spatial models for event data. Statistics in Medicine 2000;19:2469-2478

pubmed  

Leyland AH, McLeod A. Mortality in England and Wales, 1979-1992, an introduction to Multilevel Modelling using MLwiN. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper no. 1, Glasgow, 2000

open access  

1999

Langford IH, Leyland AH, Rasbash J, Goldstein H. Multilevel modelling of the geographical distributions of rare diseases. Applied Statistics 1999;48:253-268

pubmed