Transmission of Sexual Norms across Generations: Tanzania
There is a massive burden of sexual ill health in east Africa, and behavioural interventions have had limited impact (Ross et al., 2007), suggesting the importance of entrenched social factors shaping sexual behaviour. There is increasing interest in family interventions, given parents’ influence on children, concern with their health, and wish to keep abreast of social change. However, the effectiveness of such interventions is jeopardised by poor understanding of how family relationships in Africa influence health outcomes.
Building on earlier research (Wight et al., 2006, Remes et al., 2010), and recognising the critical role of concurrent sexual relationships in the HIV epidemic, Joyce Wamoyi was appointed to conduct research on the transmission of sexual norms and behaviour across generations. This three year post doctoral fellowship aimed to study:
1) how parent-child relationships vary by family structure and livelihood;
2) the processes by which these relationships influence health and health-related behaviours, with a focus on the transmission of values;
3) the acceptability of concurrent relationships amongst parents and their adolescent children, and whether the main concern is discretion or morality.