Geographical Inequalities in Health
Variations in health between regions and neighbourhoods in Britain have been observed since the early efforts of public health reformers in the 1830s such as Edwin Chadwick. A major issue for social and public health policy attempting to reduce inequalities in health is whether to concentrate efforts on area based initiatives or individually based initiatives. This programme's work on spatial inequalities focused mainly on neighbourhoods in urban areas in the UK and other industrialised countries. We were interested in understanding more about what features of neighbourhoods might promote or damage health and the ability to lead healthy lives, and how neighbourhood characteristics might interact with personal characteristics such as socioeconomic status, age, gender, or ethnicity.
Ellaway A, Macdonald L, Forsyth A, Macintyre S. The socio-spatial distribution of alcohol outlets in Glasgow City. Health & Place 2010;16:167-72pubmed open access
Cummins S, Macintyre S. Are secondary data sources on the neighbourhood food environment accurate? Case-study in Glasgow, UK. Preventive Medicine 2009;49:527-8pubmed open access
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Neighborhoods and health. In: Brown T, McLafferty S, Moon G, editors A companion to health and medical geography. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2009:399-417.
Ellaway A, Morris G, Curtice J, Robertson C, Allardice G, Robertson R. Associations between health and different kinds of environmental incivility: a Scotland-wide Study. Public Health 2009;123:708-13pubmed
Macdonald L, Ellaway A, Macintyre S. The food retail environment and area deprivation in Glasgow City. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009;6:52pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Neighbourhoods, social class and health. In: Graham H, editor Understanding health inequalities. 2nd ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 2009:84-100.
McAdam C (nee Hughes) . The socioeconomic variations in the provision, quality and public perceptions of outdoor play areas in Glasgow [PhD], MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow 2009.open access
Jones R, Ellaway A, Seaman P, Kendall R, Truman J. More than just a park: findings from the facilitators and barriers greenspace study. Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Glasgow, 2008
Macintyre S, MacDonald L, Ellaway A. Do poorer people have poorer access to local resources and facilities? The distribution of local resources by area deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 2008;67:900-14pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Macdonald L, Ellaway A. Lack of agreement between measured and self-reported distance from public green parks in Glasgow, Scotland. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008;5:26pubmed open access
Stafford M, Sacker A, Ellaway A, Cummins S, Wiggins D, Macintyre S . Neighbourhood effects on health: a structural equation modelling approach. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies [Schmollers Jahrbuch] 2008;128:109-20
Cummins S, Curtis S, Diez-Roux AV, Macintyre S. Understanding and representing 'place' in health research: a relational approach. Social Science & Medicine 2007;65:1825-1838pubmed open access
Ellaway A, Macintyre S, Mutrie N, Kirk A. Nowhere to play? The relationship between the location of outdoor play areas and deprivation in Glasgow. Health & Place 2007;13:557-561pubmed open access
Macdonald L, Cummins S, Macintyre S. Neighbourhood fast food environment and area deprivation: substitution or concentration?. Appetite 2007;49:251-4pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A, Cummins S. Place effects on health. In: Brown P, editor Perspectives in medical sociology. Fourth ed. Long Grove, Illinois: Waveland Press, 2007:125-137.
Macintyre S. Inequalities in health in Scotland: what are they and what can we do about them?. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper no. 17, Glasgow, 2007
Macintyre S. Deprivation amplification revisited: or, is it always true that poorer places have poorer access to resources for healthy diets and physical activity?. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2007;4:32pubmed open access
Stafford M, Cummins S, Ellaway A, Sacker A, Wiggins RD, Macintyre S. Pathways to obesity: identifying local, modifiable determinants of physical activity and diet. Social Science & Medicine 2007;65:1882-1897pubmed open access
Adamson J, Ebrahim S, Hunt K. The psychosocial versus material hypothesis to explain observed inequality in disability among older adults: data from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60:974-980pubmed open access
Cummins S, Macintyre S. Food environments and obesity: neighbourhood or nation?. International Journal of Epidemiology 2006;35:100-104.pubmed open access
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Contrasts in public transport [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60ID - 1661:344
Cummins S C, McKay L, Macintyre S. McDonald's restaurants and neighborhood deprivation in Scotland and England. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2005;29:308-310pubmed open access
Cummins S, Macintyre S, Davidson S, Ellaway A. Measuring neighbourhood social and material context: generation and interpretation of ecological data from routine and non-routine sources. Health & Place 2005;11:249-260pubmed open access
Cummins S, Stafford M, Macintyre S, Marmot M, Ellaway A. Neighbourhood environment and its associations with self-rated health: evidence from Scotland and England. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2005;59:207-213pubmed open access
Curtice J, Ellaway A, Robertson C, Morris G, Allardice G, Robertson R. Public attitudes and environmental justice in Scotland: a report for the Scottish Executive on research to inform the development and evaluation of environmental justice policy. Edinburgh, 2005
Macintyre S, McKay L, Cummins S, Burns C. Out-of-home food outlets and area deprivation: case study in Glasgow, UK. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2005;2:16pubmed open access
Macintyre S, McKay L, Ellaway A. Are rich people or poor people more likely to be ill? Lay perceptions, by social class and neighbourhood, of inequalities in health. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:313-317pubmed open access
Stafford M, Cummins S, Macintyre S, Ellaway A, Marmot M. Gender differences in the associations between health and neighbourhood environment. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:1681-1692pubmed open access
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. 5-a-day may be harder to achieve in more deprived areas [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58ID - 2150:592
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Schools in socially contrasting neighbourhoods [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58ID - 2151:1027
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. You are where you live. Mental Health Today 2004:33-35
Cummins S. The local food environment and health: some reflections from the UK [letter]. American Journal of Public Health 2003;93ID - 2321:521
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Play areas for children [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57ID - 2311:313
Cummins S, Macintyre S. A systematic study of an urban foodscape: the price and availability of food in Greater Glasgow. Urban Studies 2002;39:2115-2130
Cummins S, Macintyre S. Food 'deserts': evidence and assumption in health policy making. BMJ 2002;325:436-438pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A, Cummins S. Place effects on health: how can we conceptualise, operationalise and measure them?. Social Science & Medicine 2002;55:125-139pubmed
Cummins S. Socio-spatial variations in the price and availability of food and their implications for healthy eating [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2001.
Ellaway A, Macintyre S, Kearns A. Perceptions of place and health in socially contrasting neighbourhoods. Urban Studies 2001;38:2299-2316
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Women in their place: gender and perceptions of neighbourhoods and health in the West of Scotland. In: Dyck I, Davis Lewis N, McLafferty S, editors Geographies of women's health. London: Routledge, 2001:265-281.
Gemmell I. Indoor heating, house conditions, and health. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2001;55:928-929pubmed
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Shopping for food in socially contrasting localities. British Food Journal 2000;102:52-59open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Ecological approaches: the rediscovery of the role of the physical and social environment. In: Berkman L, Kawachi I, editors Social epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000:332-348.
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Neighbourhood cohesion and health in socially contrasting neighbourhoods: implications for the social exclusion and public health agendas. Health Bulletin 2000;60:450-456pubmed
Cummins S, Macintyre S. The location of food stores in urban areas: a case study in Glasgow. British Food Journal 1999;101:545 - 553
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Local opportunity structures, social capital and social inequalities in health: what can central and local government do?. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 1999;9:165-170
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Does housing tenure predict health in the UK because it exposes people to different levels of housing related hazards in the home or its surroundings?. Health & Place 1998;4:141-150pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Social and local variations in the use of urban neighbourhoods: a case study in Glasgow. Health & Place 1998;4:91-94pubmed
Ellaway A, Anderson AS, Macintyre S. Does area of residence affect body size and shape?. International Journal of Obesity 1997;21:304-308pubmed
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Does where you live predict health-related behaviours? A case study in Glasgow. Health Bulletin 1996;54:443-446pubmed
Sooman A, Macintyre S. Health and perceptions of the local environment in socially contrasting neighbourhoods in Glasgow. Health & Place 1995:15-26open access
Forsyth A, Macintyre S, Anderson A. Diets for disease? Intraurban variation in reported food consumption in Glasgow. Appetite 1994;22:259-74
Macintyre S, MacIver S, Sooman A. Area, class and health: should we be focusing on places or people?. Journal of Social Policy 1993;22:213-234open access
Sooman A, Macintyre S, Anderson AS. Scotland's Health: a more difficult challenge for some? The price and availability of healthy foods in socially contrasting localities in the West of Scotland. Health Bulletin 1993;51:276-284
Wyke S, Campbell G, MacIver S. The provision of primary care services in a working class and middle class locality in Glasgow. British Journal of General Practice 1992;42:271-275