From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

Mental Health and Mental Disorder

Note that these studies were conducted as part of the Youth and Health programme which formally ceased at the end of March 2010, although team members have continued to prepare publications in this research area.

Given increasing concern about levels of mental health problems among young people, and the very real possibility that their mental health has deteriorated over time, this topic has become a major health priority of governments in the UK and elsewhere in the developed world. This concern is reflected in relation to both minor psychological morbidity, such as psychological distress or depressed mood, and more severe mental health problems or disorders defined by reference to psychiatric criteria.

Much remains to be discovered about the cause of these problems, and in particular what factors underlie the reported deterioration in young people's mental health. This issue occupied a central place in the Unit's Youth Programme, as evidenced by the incorporation of a psychiatric interview into the 11 to 16/16+ study at age 15 (1999). This was a computerized voice version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (Voice-DISC) which produces DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses. The Voice-DISC was utilised again in the 11 to 16/16+ study for 19 year-olds and, in 2006, in selected schools in the PaLS study.

Publications

2010

West P, Sweeting H, Young R, Kelly S. The relative importance of family socioeconomic status and school-based peer hierarchies for morning cortisol in youth: an exploratory study. Social Science & Medicine 2010;70:1246-53

pubmed  open access  

West P, Sweeting H, Young R. Transition matters: pupils' experiences of the primary-secondary school transition in the West of Scotland and consequences for well-being and attainment. Research Papers in Education 2010;25:21-50

open access  

Young R, West P. Do good values lead to good health-behaviours?: longitudinal associations between young people's values and later substance-use. BMC Public Health 2010;10:165

pubmed  open access  

Young R. Trauma, attempted suicide and morning cortisol in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2010;23:288–291

open access  

2009

Sweeting H, Young R, West P. GHQ increases among Scottish 15 year olds 1987-2006. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2009;44:579-86

pubmed  open access  

2008

Young R, Sweeting H, West P. A longitudinal study of alcohol use and antisocial behaviour in young people. Alcohol and Alcoholism 2008;43:204-14

pubmed  open access  

2007

Glendinning A, West P. Young people's mental health in context: comparing life in the city and small communities in Siberia. Social Science & Medicine 2007;65:1180-1191

pubmed  

Young R, van Beinum M, Sweeting H, West P. Young people who self-harm. British Journal of Psychiatry 2007;191:44-49

pubmed  

2006

Barbour R, Bryce G, Connelly G, Furnivall J, Lewins A, Lockhart E, Phin L, Stallard A, van Beinum M, Wilson P. Only connect: addressing the emotional needs of Scotland's children and young people: a report on the SNAP Child and Adolescent Mental Health phase two survey. Edinburgh, 2006

Harvey D. Behaving badly: psychiatric and sociological perspectives on young people with 'conduct disorder' [PhD], MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit 2006.

open access  

Sweeting H, Young R, West P, Der G. Peer victimization and depression in early-mid adolescence: A longitudinal study. British Journal of Educational Psychology 2006;76:577-594

pubmed  

Young R, Sweeting H, West P. Prevalence of deliberate self harm and attempted suicide within contemporary Goth youth subculture: longitudinal cohort study. BMJ 2006;332:1058-1061

pubmed  open access  

2005

Sweeting H, Wright C, Minnis H. Psychosocial correlates of obesity, 'slimming down' and 'becoming obese' in adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health 2005;37:409.e9 - 409.e17

pubmed  

2004

Young R, Sweeting H. Adolescent bullying, relationships, psychological well-being, and gender-atypical behavior: a gender diagnosticity approach. Sex Roles 2004;50:525-537

open access  

2003

Sweeting H, West P. Sex differences in health at ages 11, 13 and 15. Social Science & Medicine 2003;56:31-39

pubmed  open access  

van Beinum M. Teenage user perspectives of adolescent psychiatry outpatient services [PhD], Medical Faculty 2003.

West P, Sweeting H, Der G, Barton J, Lucas C. Voice-DISC identified DSM-IV disorders among 15 year olds in the West of Scotland. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2003;42:941-949

pubmed  

West P, Sweeting H. Fifteen, female and stressed: changing patterns of psychological distress over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2003;44:399-411

pubmed  

2000

West P, Sweeting H, Der G. The Voice DISC: a method for ascertaining psychiatric diagnoses in young people in the community. MRC Social and Public Health Science Unit Occasional Paper no. 4, Glasgow, 2000

1996

West P, Sweeting H. Nae job, nae future: young people and health in a context of unemployment. Health & Social Care in the Community 1996;4:50-62

1994

Ford G, Ecob R, Hunt K, Macintyre S, West P. Patterns of class inequality in health through the lifespan: class gradients at 15, 35 and 55 years in the West of Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 1994;39:1037-1050

pubmed  open access  

1990

West P, Macintyre S, Annandale E, Hunt K. Social class and health in youth: findings from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Social Science & Medicine 1990;30:665-673

pubmed  open access