Twenty-07 Locality Study
The West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study, Health in the Community, described elsewhere on this website, has a locality component, which involved 1,500 residents at the start of the study in two socially contrasting areas in Glasgow City. One, in the north west of the City, has better than average health and is relatively socially advantaged in terms of the built environment, local amenities and population characteristics; the other, in the south west of the City, has poorer than average health and is relatively socially disadvantaged. For some of the issues we examined, each of these localities was further divided into two neighbourhoods to provide more finely detailed contexts.
We have used a number of approaches to study these localities:
- face-to-face interviews (on three occasions to date: 1987, 1992 and 2001) and a postal questionnaire (in 1997)
- direct observation by independent researchers
- information obtained from local service providers and planners.
A wide range of data has been collected from respondents about their day to day lives, including a range of structured questions on how people perceive their housing and local environment, as well as an extensive suite of self reported and directly measured health and well being indicators.
Many photographs of features of respondents’ neighbourhoods were taken, such as local play areas in the North West and South West localities.
We have found differences in mental and physical health, and in a range of health related behaviours, between residents in these two localities even after taking into account personal and household characteristics such as age, gender, income and social class. We have also found differences in access to resources such as public transport, facilities for sport and exercise, and health services. Residents report differences in the quality of their local environment and levels of social capital and cohesion.
Ellaway A, Benzeval M, Green M, Leyland AH, Macintyre S. 'Getting sicker quicker': does living in a more deprived neighbourhood mean your health deteriorates faster?. Health & Place 2012;18:132-7pubmed open access
Shareck M, Ellaway A. Neighbourhood crime and smoking: the role of objective and perceived crime measures. BMC Public Health 2011;11:930pubmed open access
Seaman P, Jones R, Ellaway A. It's not just about the park, it's about integration too: why people choose to use or not use urban greenspaces. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010;7:78pubmed open access
Wilson K, Eyles J, Ellaway A, Macintyre S, Macdonald L. Health status and health behaviours in neighbourhoods: a comparison of Glasgow, Scotland and Hamilton, Canada. Health & Place 2010;16:331-8pubmed open access
Jones R, Ellaway A, Seaman P, Kendall R, Truman J. More than just a park: findings from the facilitators and barriers greenspace study. Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Glasgow, 2008
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Contrasts in public transport [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2006;60ID - 1661:344
Macintyre S, McKay L, Ellaway A. Are rich people or poor people more likely to be ill? Lay perceptions, by social class and neighbourhood, of inequalities in health. Social Science & Medicine 2005;60:313-317pubmed open access
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. 5-a-day may be harder to achieve in more deprived areas [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58ID - 2150:592
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Schools in socially contrasting neighbourhoods [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2004;58ID - 2151:1027
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. You are where you live. Mental Health Today 2004:33-35
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Play areas for children [gallery]. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2003;57ID - 2311:313
Ellaway A, Macintyre S, Kearns A. Perceptions of place and health in socially contrasting neighbourhoods. Urban Studies 2001;38:2299-2316
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Women in their place: gender and perceptions of neighbourhoods and health in the West of Scotland. In: Dyck I, Davis Lewis N, McLafferty S, editors Geographies of women's health. London: Routledge, 2001:265-281.
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Shopping for food in socially contrasting localities. British Food Journal 2000;102:52-59open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Ecological approaches: the rediscovery of the role of the physical and social environment. In: Berkman L, Kawachi I, editors Social epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000:332-348.
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Neighbourhood cohesion and health in socially contrasting neighbourhoods: implications for the social exclusion and public health agendas. Health Bulletin 2000;60:450-456pubmed
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Local opportunity structures, social capital and social inequalities in health: what can central and local government do?. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 1999;9:165-170
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Does housing tenure predict health in the UK because it exposes people to different levels of housing related hazards in the home or its surroundings?. Health & Place 1998;4:141-150pubmed open access
Macintyre S, Ellaway A. Social and local variations in the use of urban neighbourhoods: a case study in Glasgow. Health & Place 1998;4:91-94pubmed
Ellaway A, Anderson AS, Macintyre S. Does area of residence affect body size and shape?. International Journal of Obesity 1997;21:304-308pubmed
Ellaway A, Macintyre S. Does where you live predict health-related behaviours? A case study in Glasgow. Health Bulletin 1996;54:443-446pubmed
Sooman A, Macintyre S. Health and perceptions of the local environment in socially contrasting neighbourhoods in Glasgow. Health & Place 1995:15-26open access
Macintyre S, MacIver S, Sooman A. Area, class and health: should we be focusing on places or people?. Journal of Social Policy 1993;22:213-234open access
Sooman A, Macintyre S, Anderson AS. Scotland's Health: a more difficult challenge for some? The price and availability of healthy foods in socially contrasting localities in the West of Scotland. Health Bulletin 1993;51:276-284