From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

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Staff Member Biography

Carolyn A Davies

Carolyn A Daviesposition: Investigator Scientist

Contact Details

phone: 0141 353 7542


MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit,
University of Glasgow,
Top floor,
200, Renfield Street
G2 3QB

Biography and Interests

Carolyn is an investigator scientist within the programme Measurement and Analysis of Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health. Her main research interests are inequalities in health in Scotland with a particular focus on the social and geographical patterning of coronary heart disease. Current research also involves exploring the biases introduced into linked administrative health and survey data by non-consent to data linkage.

Carolyn graduated in 2000 with a BSc (Hons) in Statistics from the University of Glasgow. She joined the unit's Measuring Health programme in the same year to undertake a PhD. Her doctoral research focused on examining geographical patterns of cancer mortality in Europe using multilevel spatial modelling methods. Since completing her PhD, Carolyn has worked as a Data Analyst, Career Development Fellow and an Investigator Scientist within the same programme. She was also a lecturer of Statistics S1C and S1B in the School of Mathematics and Statistics. 



O’Flaherty M, Bandosz P, Critchley J, Capewell S, Aspelund T, Bennett K, Björck L, Bruthans J, Hotchkiss J, Hughes J, Laatikainen T, Palmieri L, Zdrojewski T, on behalf of the Euroheart II Steering Group (including Davies CA Dundas R Leyland AH). Exploring potential mortality reductions in 9 European countries by improving diet and lifestyle: a modelling approach. International Journal of Cardiology 2016;207:286–291

open access  


Hughes J, Kabir Z, Bennett K, Hotchkiss JW, Kee F, Leyland AH, Davies C, Bandosz P, Guzman-Castillo M, O’Flaherty M, Capewell S, Critchley J. Modelling future coronary heart disease mortality to 2030 in the British Isles. PLoS One 2015;10:e0138044

open access  


Hagger-Johnson G, Deary IJ, Davies CA, Weiss A, Batty GD. Reaction time and mortality from the major causes of death: the NHANES-III study. PLoS One 2014;9:e82959

open access  

Hotchkiss JW, Davies CA, Dundas R, Hawkins N, Jhund PS, Scholes S, Bajekal M, O’Flaherty M, Critchley J, Leyland AH, Capewell S. Explaining trends in Scottish coronary heart disease mortality between 2000 and 2010: socioeconomic analysis using the IMPACTSEC model. The BMJ 2014;348:g1088

open access  


Hotchkiss JW, Davies CA, Leyland AH. Adiposity has differing associations with incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Scottish population: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity 2013;37:732-739

pubmed  open access  


Hotchkiss J W, Davies C, Gray L, Bromley C, Capewell S, Leyland AH. Trends in cardiovascular disease biomarkers and their socioeconomic patterning among adults in the Scottish population 1995 to 2009: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open 2012;2:e000771

open access  


Hotchkiss J W, Davies C, Gray L, Bromley C, Capewell S, Leyland AH. Trends in adult cardiovascular disease risk factors and their socio-economic patterning in the Scottish population 1995-2008: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open 2011;1:e000176

open access  

Levin KA, Torsheim T, Volleberg W, Richter M, Davies CA, Schnohr CW, Due P, Currie C. National income and income inequality, family affluence and life satisfaction among 13 year old boys and girls: a multilevel study in 35 countries. Social Indicators Research 2011;104:179-94

open access  


Davies CA, Leyland AH. Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004. Population Health Metrics 2010;8:33

pubmed  open access  

Jackson A, Davies CA, Leyland AH. Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities?. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2010;10:74

pubmed  open access  

Levin KA, Davies CA, Douglas G, Pitts NB. Urban-rural differences in dental caries of 5-year old children in Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 2010;71:2020-7



Davies CA, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-92 and 2000-2. BMC Public Health 2009;9:134

pubmed  open access  

Levin KA, Davies CA, Topping GVA, Assaf AV, Pitts NB. Inequalities in dental caries of 5-year old children in Scotland, 1993-2003. European Journal of Public Health 2009;19:337-42



Davies C A. Spatial multilevel modelling of cancer mortality in Europe [PhD], Statistics Department 2005.

Leyland AH, Davies CA. Empirical Bayes methods for disease mapping. Statistical Methods in Medical Research 2005;14:17-34



Davies CA, Leyland AH. Spatial patterns of cancer mortality in Europe. In: Kirch W, editor Public health in Europe: 10 years EUPHA. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2004:227-243.


Grant S, Corbett K, Todd K, Davies CA, Aitchison T, Mutrie N, Byrne J, Henderson E, Dargie HJ. A comparison of physiological responses and rating of perceived exertion in two modes of aerobic exercise in men and women over 50 years of age. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2002;36:276-280



Grant S, Hasler T, Davies CA, Aitcheson T C, Wilson J, Whittaker A. A comparison of the anthropometric, strength, endurance and flexibility characteristics of female elite and recreational climbers and non-climbers. Journal of Sports Sciences 2001;19:499-505