From February 2017, information about the work of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow is available and updated on the University of Glasgow website.

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Staff Member Biography

Ruth Dundas

Ruth Dundasposition: Senior Investigator Scientist

Contact Details

phone: 0141 353 7541


MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit,
University of Glasgow,
Top floor,
200, Renfield Street
G2 3QB

Biography and Interests

Ruth is co-theme lead on Health Inequalities and Linked Data Analysis in the Measurement and Analysis of Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Programme and is the lead for Cross-Unit Statistical support at the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Science Unit. Her main research interests are inequalities in mortality and contextual and social influences on health over the lifecourse. She has methodological interests in improving the use of routine data to analyse health inequalities, methods for evaluating complex interventions and natural experiments and the development and application of multilevel modelling methods.

Ruth is also interested in novel methods for public engagement and communication of research findings. She developed a jigsaw to communicate key findings from our Inequalities in Mortality Report with the aim of engaging people in discussions around inequalities in mortality. She has participated as a ‘meet the expert’ at the Glasgow Science Centre.

She is treasurer of the Royal Statistical Society Glasgow Local Group which organises seminars and meetings for statisticians in the Glasgow area. Ruth is a committee member of the Society for Social Medicine.


[in press]

Stewart CH, Dundas R, Leyland AH. The Scottish School Leavers Cohort: linkage of education data to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge and offspring birth characteristics. BMJ Open [in press]


Katikireddi SV, Dundas R. Relative poverty still matters [commentary]. Lancet Public Health 2017;2:e126–e127

open access  


Allik M, Brown D, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Developing a new small-area measure of deprivation using 2001 and 2011 census data from Scotland. Health & Place 2016;39:122–130

open access  

Allik M, Brown D, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Small-area deprivation measure datasets for Scotland, 2001 and 2011. Data in Brief 2016;7:1682–1686

open access  

Craig P, Dundas R, Leyland AH, Popham F. How successful was the English teenage pregnancy strategy? Response to Wellings K, Palmer MJ, Gear RS et al. Changes in conceptions in women younger than 18 years and the circumstances of young mothers in England in 2000-12: an observational study [letter]. The Lancet 2016;388:2604

O’Flaherty M, Bandosz P, Critchley J, Capewell S, Aspelund T, Bennett K, Björck L, Bruthans J, Hotchkiss J, Hughes J, Laatikainen T, Palmieri L, Zdrojewski T, on behalf of the Euroheart II Steering Group (including Davies CA Dundas R Leyland AH). Exploring potential mortality reductions in 9 European countries by improving diet and lifestyle: a modelling approach. International Journal of Cardiology 2016;207:286–291

open access  

Schofield L, Walsh D, Munoz-Arroyo R, McCartney G, Buchanan D, Lawder R, Armstrong M, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Dying younger in Scotland: trends in mortality and deprivation relative to England and Wales, 1981-2011. Health & Place 2016;40:106–115

open access  


Levin K, Nicholls N, Macdonald S, Dundas R, Douglas GV. Geographic and socioeconomic variations in adolescent toothbrushing: a multilevel cross-sectional study of 15 year olds in Scotland. Journal of Public Health 2015;37:107-15

open access  

Seaman R, Dundas R, Leyland AH, Mitchell R, Popham F. How much of the difference in life expectancy between Scottish cities does deprivation explain? Calculating and decomposing inequalities across deprivation deciles. BMC Public Health 2015;15:1057

open access  


Brown D, Allik M, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Carstairs Scores for Scottish postcode sectors, datazones and output areas from the 2011 Census. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional Paper, Glasgow, 2014

open access  

Dundas R, Leyland AH, Macintyre S. Early-life school, neighborhood, and family influences on adult health: a multilevel cross-classified analysis of the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study. American Journal of Epidemiology 2014;180:197-207

open access  

Dundas R, Leyland AH, Macintyre S. Multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity: a fundamental critique of the current probabilistic risk factor epidemiology [response to invited commentary]. American Journal of Epidemiology 2014;180:208-12

open access  

Dundas R, Ouédraogo S, Bond L, Briggs AH, Chalmers J, Gray R, Wood R, Leyland AH. Evaluation of Health in Pregnancy grants in Scotland: a protocol for a natural experiment. BMJ Open 2014;4:e006547

open access  

Hotchkiss JW, Davies CA, Dundas R, Hawkins N, Jhund PS, Scholes S, Bajekal M, O’Flaherty M, Critchley J, Leyland AH, Capewell S. Explaining trends in Scottish coronary heart disease mortality between 2000 and 2010: socioeconomic analysis using the IMPACTSEC model. The BMJ 2014;348:g1088

open access  

Levin KA, Dundas R, Miller M, McCartney G. Socioeconomic and geographic inequalities in adolescent smoking: a multilevel cross-sectional study of 15 year olds in Scotland. Social Science & Medicine 2014;107:162–170

open access  

Ralston K, Dundas R, Leyland AH. A comparison of the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) 2004 with the 2009+1 SIMD: does choice of measure affect the interpretation of inequality in mortality?. International Journal of Health Geographics 2014;13

open access  


Fairley L, Dundas R, Leyland AH. The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000. BMC Public Health 2011;11:330

pubmed  open access  


Dundas R, Leyland AH. The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: a population based study. AQMeN Applied Quantitative Methods Newsletter 2010;3

Leyland AH, Dundas R. The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: population based study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2010;64:432-9

pubmed  open access  


Batty GD, Shipley M, Dundas R, Macintyre S, Der G, Mortensen L, Deary IJ. Does IQ explain socio-economic differentials in total and cardiovascular disease mortality? Comparison with the explanatory power of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Vietnam Experience Study. European Heart Journal 2009;30:1903-9

pubmed  open access  

Davies CA, Dundas R, Leyland AH. Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990-92 and 2000-2. BMC Public Health 2009;9:134

pubmed  open access  


Leyland AH, Dundas R, McLoone P, Boddy FA. Inequalities in mortality in Scotland 1981-2001. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit Occasional paper no. 16, Glasgow, 2007

open access  

Leyland AH, Dundas R, McLoone P, Boddy FA. Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change - a population-based study. BMC Public Health 2007;7:172

pubmed  open access  


Dundas R, Leyland AH, Macintyre S, Leon DA. Does the primary school attended influence self-reported health or its risk factors in later life? Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study. International Journal of Epidemiology 2006;35:458-465

pubmed  open access  


Bhalla A, Dundas R, Rudd AG, Wolfe CDA. Does admission to hospital improve the outcome for stroke patients?. Age and Ageing 2001;30:197-203

Dundas R, Morgan M, Redfern J, Lemic-Stojcevic N, Wolfe C. Ethnic differences in behavioural risk factors for stroke: implications for health promotion. Ethnicity & Health 2001;6:95-103

Grieve R, Dundas R, Beech R, Wolfe C. The development and use of a method to compare the costs of acute stroke across Europe. Age and Ageing 2001;30:67-72


Grieve R, Hutton J, Bhalla A, Rastenyte D, Ryglewicz D, Sarti C, Lamassa M, Giroud M, Dundas R, Wolfe CDA. A comparison of the costs and survival of hospital-admitted stroke patients across Europe. Stroke 2001;32:1684-1691


Hajat C, Dundas R, Stewart JA, Lawrence E, Rudd AG, Howard R, Wolfe CDA. Cerebrovascular risk factors and stroke subtypes: differences between ethnic groups. Stroke 2001;32:37-42

open access  

Lawrence E, Dundas R, Higgens S, Howard R, Rudd A, Wolfe C, Williams A. The natural history and associations of sleep disordered breathing in first ever stroke. International Journal of Clinical Practice 2001;55:584-588

open access  

Lawrence ES, Coshall C, Dundas R, Stewart J, Rudd AG, Howard R, Wolfe CDA. Estimates of the prevalence of acute stroke impairments and disability in a multiethnic population. Stroke 2001;32:1279-1284

Lemic-Stojcevic N, Dundas R, Jenkins S, Rudd A, Wolfe C. Preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke amongst ethnic groups in London. Ethnicity & Health 2001;6:87-94

McKevitt C, Dundas R, Wolfe C. Two simple questions to assess outcome after stroke: a European study. Stroke 2001;32:681-686



Bhalla A, Sankaralingam S, Dundas R, Swaminathan R, Wolfe CDA, Rudd AG. Influence of raised plasma osmolality on clinical outcome after acute stroke. Stroke 2000;31:2043-2048

open access  

Guite H, Dundas R, Burney P. Risk factors for death from asthma: authors' reply. Thorax 2000;55:91-91

Hillen T, Dundas R, Lawrence E, Stewart J A, Rudd AG, Wolfe CDA. Antithrombotic and antihypertensive management 3 months after ischemic stroke: a prospective study in an inner city population. Stroke 2000;31:469-475

open access  

Redfern J, McKevitt C, Dundas R, Rudd AG, Wolfe CDA. Behavioral risk factor prevalence and lifestyle change after stroke: a prospective study. Stroke 2000;31:1877-1881

open access  

Wolfe CD, Giroud M, Kolominsky-Rabas P, Dundas R, Lemesle M, Heuschmann P, Rudd A. Variations in stroke incidence and survival in 3 areas of Europe. European Registries of Stroke (EROS) Collaboration. Stroke 2000;31:2074-2079



Guite HF, Dundas R, Burney PGJ. Risk factors for death from asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cardiovascular disease after a hospital admission for asthma. Thorax 1999;54:301-307

Smeeton NC, Rona RJ, Sharland G, Botting BJ, Barnett A, Dundas R. Estimating the prevalence of malformation of the heart in the first year of life using capture-recapture methods. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999;150:778-785

Stewart JA, Dundas R, Howard RS, Rudd AG, Wolfe CDA. Ethnic differences in incidence of stroke: prospective study with stroke register. BMJ 1999;318:967-971


Dickie H, Vedio A, Dundas R, Treacher DF, Leach RM. Relationship between TISS and ICU cost. Intensive Care Medicine 1998;24:1009-1017


Cantillon P, Morgan M, Dundas R, Simpson J, Bartholomew J, Shaw A. Patients' perceptions of changes in their blood pressure. Journal of Human Hypertension 1997;11:221-225

Marteau TM, Dundas R, Axworthy D. Long-term cognitive and emotional impact of genetic testing for carriers of cystic fibrosis: the effects of test result and gender. Health Psychology 1997;16:51-62

McKevitt C, Morgan M, Dundas R, Holland WW. Sickness absence and 'working through' illness: a comparison of two professional groups. Journal of Public Health Medicine 1997;19:295-300


Quinlivan RM, Lewis P, Marsden P, Dundas R, Robb SA, Baker E, Maisey M. Cardiac function, metabolism and perfusion in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Neuromuscular Disorders 1996;6:237-246

Russell R., Dundas R., Reynolds F.. Long term backache after childbirth: prospective search for causative factors. BMJ 1996;312:1384-1388